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  The Outdoor Safety Code

Plan Your Trip

Tell Someone Your Plans

Be Aware Of The Weather

Know Your Limits

Take Sufficient Supplies

Safety Tips - Take sufficient supplies


Make sure you have enough food, equipment and emergency rations for the worst case scenario.


Equipment, food and Drink

Outdoor Safety Code Videos - Part 5: Take sufficient supplies.

Food should be:
Lightweight – freeze-dried, dehydrated meals, dried vegetables, milk powder, etc. Remove unnecessary packaging. High energy value – should contain proteins, fats and carbohydrates
in the proportion 1:1:4:
1: Proteins: meat, cheese, eggs, milk powder.
1: Fats: cheese, chocolate, butter, bacon, salami.
4: Carbohydrates: sugar, bread, muesli, rice, macaroni, sweets, dried fruit.

You will also need:
Snacks – biscuits, nuts, raisins, sweets, chocolate, scroggin, etc. Emergency food – soups, rice, pasta, sardines, dried fruit, cheese, biscuits. Take some that doesn’t need to be cooked. Fast cooking food is convenient.


Don’t forget to pack tea, coffee, a chocolate drink and sachets of powdered fruit drink. Carry water if you won’t be able to find any on your route.

You need to drink water regularly – If you suspect the water is unsafe you should treat it by boiling, purifying or using a water filter.


For a full tramping gear list download or order our free "Going Bush?" pamphlet from our online store.


Cooking Appliance Rule:
Ensure you have good ventilation when using portable cookers to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning.  

 For more information about safety with cooking appliances download or order our free "Let it breathe?" pamphlet from our online store.

Free downloads


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Mountain Saftey CouncilAdventure SmartAvalanche.net.nzNational Incident Database